JAMAICA BANANA ACCOMPANYING MEASURES PROGRAMME (JBAM)

Summary

Jamaica’s economy has been challenged in recent years by both external shocks created by the deteriorating global economy and by weather related events. A combination of disruption as a result of Hurricane Dean, Tropical Storm Gustav and floods; high oil and commodity prices and the depreciation of the Jamaica dollar vis –a-vis the US dollar have all combined to create an increase in the inflation rate from 7.4% in 2006/2007 to 19.9% in the 2007/2008 fiscal year.

The GDP growth rate for the same period declined with GDP growth rate moving from 2.5% in 2006/2007 to 1.2% in the 2007/2008 fiscal year. Government operations in 2007/08 fiscal year generated a fiscal deficit equivalent to 4.7% of GDP representing a 0.2% deviation from the targeted deficit of 4.5%.

The European Union through the Banana Support Programme has provided support to the tune of 40M euros over a 13 year period. Had it not been for this support the local banana sector would have collapsed sooner. The sub sector has lost its importance in terms of percentage of national exports or foreign exchange earnings in 2007, the last year of banana exports from Jamaica, a total of 17,473 tonnes of bananas were exported, with an estimated value of USD 9.2 million as compared to 2006 export volume of 32,847tonnes.

This represents a decrease of 46.1 per cent. The major contributory factor to the decrease in exports was hurricane and flood damage caused by Hurricane Dean, together with the impact of Black Sigatoka disease which resulted.

With the implementation of the BAM is expected that a greater focus will now be placed on building and improving the competiveness of the local banana and plantain industry. The Banana Accompanying Measures (BAMs) is a direct response to the various challenges which are presently being experienced by the local banana sector. The overall objective of the BAM is to combat poverty and improve revenue in the banana dependent areas through achieving the specific objectives of:

A.         Improving the productivity and resilience of small farmers

B.         Strengthening the link between small farmers and markets.

The funds which are being provided under BAMs is highly relevant to the target group and the final beneficiaries as it priorities smallholder agriculture, local producer groups and vulnerable groups. The BAMs will aim at the heart of the challenges in the sector covering low productivity, weak linkages between producers and markets, high risk exposure of small farmers to natural disasters, high poverty rates in rural areas and environmental harmful practises.

The BAM is expected to further support the local sector in re-orientation towards the domestic markets whilst capitalizing from previous interventions and thus strongly linking the Banana Accompanying Measures (BAMs) with the Special Framework of Assistance (SFA).

 Current state of affairs in the relevant sector

Despite this decline and subsequent cessation of exports post- Tropical Storm Gustav in 2008 August, banana continues to be of importance, contributing significantly to rural employment in the parishes of Portland, St Thomas, St Mary and St James. The domestic market remains important as Jamaicans consume` approximately 130,000 tons of bananas annually, with potential for significant increase to meet the increasing demand for value added products and that of the growing tourism sector.

The Ministry of Agriculture has initiated the development of a new banana policy framework and related policy instruments and strategies. This policy framework , and the results of a capacity needs assessment, aimed at the development of an appropriate institutional strengthening programme for the key organisations serving the banana industry, will form the basis of not only the long term development of the industry but also the most appropriate mechanism for the provision of technical services to the industry.

The new strategy focus of the Jamaican government in relation to the banana sector is gears towards increase competitiveness and the development of the local market. The BAM is the EU’s final support package for banana exporters from ACP countries.

The main results to be achieved by the BAM’s are as follows:

•           Increased production and productivity in farms and agribusiness enterprises

•           Reinforced sustainability of extension and other technical services

•           Increased availability of disease resistant, high quality planting material

•           Improved cooperation and coordination of banana and plantain farmers to supply markets

Context

The Medium Term Socio-Economic Policy Framework (MTF) supports the overall vision, goals and outcome of Vision 2030 Jamaica National Development Plan, Jamaica’s first long term development plan. The MTF is the vehicle that transforms the long term goals and outcomes of Vision 2030 into short term priorities, strategies, programmes and projects over the next three years. The MTF has been designed to ensure accountability while placing emphasis on prioritisation and action by the use of a results-based monitoring and evaluation approach.

The guiding principles and strategic priorities of Vision 2030 with respect to the agricultural sector are as follows:

•           Efficient Competitive Diversified Value-Added Agricultural Production

•           Strong Marketing Systems for Domestic and Export Markets

•           Competent and Adequate Human Resources

•           Enabling and Facilitating Framework, Infrastructure and Support Services

•           Contributor to Long-Term Rural Development

•           An Environmentally Sustainable Sector

•           National Food Security

To this end the BAM activities will be implemented primarily by three entities under the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MOAF), these entities are RADA, the Banana Board and The All Island Banana Growers Association (AIBGA). The ministry of agriculture through RADA will have overall oversight for the implementation of all BAM related activities. The activities to be performed by RADA includes but not limited to programme/project management support, technical assistance and monitoring as well as back stopping support to the various stakeholders.

JAMAICA BANANA ACCOMPANYING MEASURES PROGRAMME (JBAMs)

 Objective

The overall objective of the BAMs is to combat poverty and improves revenues the banana dependent areas through achieving the purpose or specific objectives, namely:

1.         Improving the productivity and resilience of small farmers

2.         Strengthening the link between small farmers and markets.

 

Expected Results:

1.         Increased production and Productivity in farms and agri-business

2.         Reinforced sustainability of extension and other technical services

3.         Increased availability of disease resistant and high quality planting material

4.         Improved cooperation and coordination of small farmers to supply markets

Programme Cost: €4.73M

Programme Duration: 48 months

Target Parishes:   St. Thomas, St. Catherine, Clarendon, St. James, Portland, St. Mary

Number of Target beneficiaries: Estimated 1,400 (998 registered) banana and plantain growers, their 1600+ farm workers and over 400 value-added entrepreneurs.

 

Beneficiaries:   All Island Banana Growers Association (AIBGA), Banana Board (BB)

Implementing Entity:    Ministry of Agriculture through RADA       

Implementing Partners: The Banana Board, AIBGA, PIOJ, EU, & RADA

 

ORGANISATION

 

The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries has been appointed as the Implementing agency by the NAO. Overall coordination will be facilitated by RADA that provides updates and reports to the Project Steering Committee (PSC), which is chaired by the Permanent Secretary of the MoAF. Quarterly meetings are held to ensure that the overall direction of the BAM is in line with targeted plan.

The RADA/BAM Management Team is comprised of the following positions: Overall Coordinator; Monitoring and Information Officer; Accountant; Administrative Assistant/Procurement Officer (1); Office Attendant and Driver. The team will be supported by other functional areas within the RADA establishment. According to the needs that arise, there will also be a number of shorter-term specialists recruited for specific tasks.

RADA will be responsible for the overall supervision, coordination and implementation of all activities under this PE through its team of key experts, and support staff. A Technical Administrative Management Committee (TAMC) will be established as set out in the Financing Agreement, to provide technical and operational advice.

RADA will report directly to the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture through their Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Officer of RADA.

Banana Accompanying Measures Signing Ceremony

 EU visibility in the BAMs was initiated with the public signing of the RADA Programme Estimate and Banana Board Grant Contract on November 11, 2013. This signing saw the EU Commission committing €4.73 million or JMD equivalent $660 million to the Banana Accompanying Measures (BAM) programme.

Published by the Daily Gleaner (Jamaica): Monday | November 18, 2013jbamsign

Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, Roger Clarke (left) and Head, European Union Delegation in Jamaica, Ambassador Paola Amadei signing copies of the EU-funded Banana Accompanying Measures contracts, at the agriculture and fisheries ministry, Hope Gardens, St Andrew.

 

Total Production Banana and Plantain in Jamaica 20111-2014

Unit Tonnes

Period

2011

2012

(Affected by Hurricane Sandy Oct)

2013

2014

Banana

Plantain

Banana

Plantain

Banana

Plantain

Banana

Plantain

1st qrt

10,440.0

6,374.0

11,015.1

6,374.0

4,085.5

3,726.1

13,548.5

11,128.0

2nd qrt

10,815.0

8116.0

13,561.0

9,610.0

5,825.9

6,035.9

13,422.0

10,295.3

3rd qrt

12,301.1

20,755.6

12,371.6

10,755.6

9,063.54

10,064.6

12,094.0

9,709.6

4th qrt

13,104.0

10,095.0

9,032.6

7,733.6

14,320.0

11,111.0

TBD

TBD

Year Total

46,660.1

35,340.6

45,980.3

34,573.2

33,294.8

30,937.6

39,064.5

31,123.9

82,000.7

80,553.5

64,232.5

70,197.4

% of 2011

baseline

1,8

21.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Prepared by the Agriculture Marketing Information Division

 Min of Agriculture and Fisheries

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Last modified onTuesday, 21 April 2015 19:04
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