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Crops

Growing Ginger in Jamaica

For many decades, the quality of Jamaican peeled dried ginger has remained the best in the world, commanding the highest prices. The industry has the potential to earn US$ 964,000 and generate J$ 32 million income to farmers. However, a new disease, low production and high prices threaten to destroy this.

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Soil solarization

Soil solarization is a pest and disease control technique that uses the radiant heat from the sun to eliminate many soilborne pathogens. In this process, the soil is mulched and covered with a tarp, usually a transparent polyethylene cover, which traps solar energy.

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Using Hot Water to Treate Yam Planting Material

Yam tubers are often affected by a dry rot in the skin. Jamaican farmers call this condition “burn” or “burning”, and they give various explanations for its cause. These range from worms or insects, or the soil in which the yams were grown not being “trenched” properly, whatever that means.

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PINEAPPLE PLANTS AND LAND BARRIERS

Many measures have been proposed to minimize soil erosion problems on sloping land. The use of vegetative/ live barriers grown on the contour is receiving much attention as a system for the management of hillsides. Barriers which bring financial returns in addition to soil conservation benefits are more acceptable to farmers. These barriers are cared for in the normal manner as other crops. In St. Thomas pineapple barriers are being used by farmers under the Morant Yallahs Agricultural Development Project (MYADP).

Pineapple uses:-

Pineapple is mainly used as a fresh fruit. Commercial production is normally geared towards processing.

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Minimum Tillage

Tillage includes all the practices which are involved in breaking up the soil to create a better environment for crop production. Several reasons have been given for the need to till the soil.These include:

  • Creation of a suitable seedbed.
  • Maintenance of soil in an aerated and porous state.
  • Breaking of crust and other hard soil layers.
  • Controlling weeds.
  • Creation of contour furrows, beds and drains for optimum crop and soil management.
  • Burying crop residues and weeds.
  • Controlling pests and pathogens.
  • Incorporation of fertilizer, manure, lime, etc.

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